1. The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) invites members of the public to provide their feedback on the proposed enhancements to the unmanned aircraft (UA)1 regulatory framework in Singapore.
CURRENT UA REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
2. Under the current UA regulatory framework, Operator Permits2 (OP) and/or Activity Permits3 are required for operating UA under the following circumstances:
PROPOSED ENHANCEMENTS TO THE UA REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
i) Enhance UA operating guidelines to include additional guidance to address the importance of understanding the characteristics of the UA, particularly the limitations published by the UAS manufacturers.
ii) Introduce an online training programme to equip persons flying UA with the essential knowledge of flying UA safely.
iii) Introduce a UA pilot licensing framework for certain UA operations to ensure that UA pilots have a minimum competency level.
iv) Introduce a UA training organisation framework to support the proposed UA pilot licensing.
v) Introduce additional requirements for persons operating UA with total mass more than 25 kg, which correspond with the increase in safety risk.
9. For more details on the proposed enhancements to the UA regulatory framework, you may contact CAAS at CAAS_AFO_UAS@caas.gov.sg.
 An unmanned aircraft refers to an aircraft that may be flown or used without any individual on board the aircraft to operate it while an unmanned aircraft system refers to an unmanned aircraft and its associated elements such as the remote control equipment.
 An Operator Permit is granted by CAAS to an organisation or individual after the applicant has been assessed to be able to conduct operation of UA safely. CAAS' assessment includes, but not limited to, the applicant’s organisational set-up, competency of the personnel especially those flying the UA, procedures to manage safety including the conduct of safety risk assessments, and the airworthiness of each UA.
 An Activity Permit is granted by CAAS to an applicant for a single activity or a block of repeated activities to be carried out by a UA taking into account the location, altitude and period of the operation, type(s) of operation to be conducted, and mitigation measures to address location-specific circumstances. This is to ensure that adequate safety measures are put in place at the area(s) of operation and that the UA operations will not disrupt manned aircraft operations.
 “Recreational purpose” refers to any pursuit or activity engaged for enjoyment, relaxation or leisure, but not a sporting activity that forms part of an organised group activity or competition or tournament (such as a flying display); or a recreational activity provided by a business or in the course of business.
 “Research purpose” refers to any lecture, tutorial or similar activity on UA provided by an educational institution referred to in section 72 of the Private Education Act, or research and development activity carried on by an educational institution referred to in section 72 of the Private Education Act for the purpose of acquiring knowledge that may be of use for the devising or developing a new or substantially improved UA.
 “Restricted area” refers to an airspace of defined dimensions which is declared by the Chief Executive of CAAS as an area above any land or territorial waters of Singapore within which the flight of aircraft is restricted in accordance with certain specified conditions and is notified as such in the Aeronautical Information Publication or Notice to Airmen.
 “Danger area” refers to an airspace of defined dimensions which is declared by the Chief Executive of CAAS as an area within which activities dangerous to the flight of aircraft may exist at specified times and is notified as such in the Aeronautical Information Publication or Notice to Airmen.
 “Aerodrome” refers to a defined area on land (including any building, installation and equipment) used or intended to be used, either wholly or in part, for the arrival, departure and surface movement of aircraft. There are two civilian aerodromes in Singapore, namely the Changi Airport and Seletar Airport.